Core Studies: Genie - A2 Edexcel Psychology.
Evaluation of Bowlby. Strengths. The need for monotropy appears to be universal. Ainsworth (1967) observed the Ganda tribe of Uganda. Infants form one primary attachment even when reared by multiple carers. Fox (1977) research into Israeli communal farms has revealed child-rearing practices that are quite distinct from conventional Western ones.
AQA A LEVEL Psychology topic COMPANION: ATTACHMENT Page 5 were filmed. Results: There was a clear association between the infants ’ behaviour and that of the adult model. Later research by Meltzoff and Moore (1983) found the same findings in three-day-old infants.
Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation (Description, AO1): Introduction: Bowlby’s theory of maternal deprivation (1951) focuses on how the effects of early experiences may interfere with the usual process of attachment formation. Bowlby proposed that separation from the mother or mother-substitute has a serious effect on psychological development.
Secondary attachments with other key figures, including dad, begin to form within the months that follow. By 19 months, 75% of children have formed an attachment with dad. However, there are methodological issues in determining secondary attachments, especially in the Glasgow Babies study since attachment is determined using only two measures, separation anxiety and reunion behaviour.
Theft, robbery and burglary are defined in the Theft Act 1968. Theft is defined in S1 of the Theft Act. In order to establish if a crime of theft has occurred it is important to consider if the Actus reus of theft has occurred. The first item to consider is whether appropriation has taken place.
Stanley Milgram’s obedience study (1963) has been extremely influential in psychology. Milgram investigated human’s willingness to obey authority figures and instructions. He found that 65 per cent of the research subjects followed instructions from an experimenter and administered the highest voltage shock possible to a learner, even when they were uncomfortable in doing so (Milgram, 1963).
The study revealed that Genie was onfined in a “potty chair” for most of her life and was subject to severe physical and verbal abuse by her brother, and father; who played a larger role in manipulating the family (Curtiss, 1977). During Genie’s observation, doctors retrieved records that indicated the possibility of a mental defect in.